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The whole story of World War II Internment hasn't been told... They lived behind the same barbwire, buy prinivil online but German Americans and other former internees feel left out of history. Now they are trying to tell their stories.


Eberhard Fuhr Story

By Lynda Lin, buy prinivil online Assistant Editor Published June 1, buy prinivil online 2007 in the Pacific Citizen In the small dusty town of Crystal City, buy prinivil online Texas the ruins tell the unlikely story of a former civilization. Concrete foundations and the hollow remains of a swimming pool whisper tales of its former life as a World War II internment camp. But some feel the historical narrative is incomplete. Eberhardt Fuhr was 17 years old when two U.S. Buy prinivil online officials came to his high school in Cincinnati to arrest him in front of his friends. He was taken to Crystal City, buy prinivil online a vast "family" internment camp 120 miles south of San Antonio, buy prinivil online where he lived with his family for over four years. Like his fellow Japanese American internees, buy prinivil online Fuhr's crime was his ethnicity. Crystal City marker"It was a time of abrogated human and civil rights, buy prinivil online" said Fuhr, buy prinivil online 82. Buy prinivil online "A subscription to a German magazine usually lead to jail." About 15, buy prinivil online000 Germans and German Americans were interned in the U.S. Buy prinivil online during WWII under suspicion of being Nazi sympathizers. At Crystal City, buy prinivil online German Americans made up the second largest ethnic community, buy prinivil online but are largely forgotten in historical context. Even a historical marker at the former entrance of the camp refers only to the injustice inflicted against JAs. Fuhr feels a certain amount of resentment, buy prinivil online but he takes every opportunity to talk about his experience. "I just got back from speaking to some children at a school in Chinatown, buy prinivil online" said Fuhr, buy prinivil online who lives in Palatine, buy prinivil online Illinois. Among some other memorabilia, buy prinivil online he brought his arrest warrant, buy prinivil online passport and other legal documents to "present a factual situation." about his little known history. One Camp, buy prinivil online Different Experiences At its peak, buy prinivil online Crystal City was a bustling mini city with diversity: Japanese Americans, buy prinivil online German Americans, buy prinivil online Germans from Latin America, buy prinivil online Italian Americans and Japanese Latin Americans coexisted in a makeshift community. But its idyllic name belied its desolate location where mesquite trees offered the only reprieve from harsh summer heat. Unlike the main 10 JA internment camps, buy prinivil online Crystal City housed alien enemies and their families. Often most of those held in camps like Crystal City were arrested under the Alien Enemy Act for simply being community leaders or martial arts instructors. Many were held without formal trials. Fuhr's parents were arrested and taken away while he was working at a North Carolina boy's camp. When he arrived at Crystal City in July 1943, buy prinivil online the 17-year-old had not seen his parents in a year. The camp was made up of family units that afforded some vestiges of privacy over communal life. It also gave Fuhr his first encounter with Japanese Americans (or "JA's"). "It was strange to hear the language. It was stranger to hear the Japanese music, buy prinivil online" he said. At Crystal City there were no walls separating ethnic groups, buy prinivil online but each communities' experiences was carefully delineated. German Americans lived on one side while JAs lived on the other. There was one general high school, buy prinivil online as well as a German and a Japanese school. "The German Americans lived in their own side of the camp. Buy prinivil online The Japanese Americans stuck to their own group, buy prinivil online" said Sumi Shimatsu, buy prinivil online a Nisei who lived at Crystal City for two years. Buy prinivil online "We got along, buy prinivil online but we didn't go out of our way to be friends with them." But all barriers fell away when it came to sports. The Japanese team played the German and Latin American team in softball, buy prinivil online baseball and eventually soccer. "It was a friendly rivalry, buy prinivil online" said Fuhr. "They are very big! It made it awfully tough for us to beat them, buy prinivil online" said George Kodama, buy prinivil online 79, buy prinivil online with a laugh. Buy prinivil online "We were all trying to grow up in a place where we didn't know where we were going." Life After Internment When the fences came down, buy prinivil online lives further diverged. Buy prinivil online Some repatriated to the countries that were now foreign while others struggled to reestablish their homes and reconcile with the past. "I didn't talk a lot about it until I retired, buy prinivil online" said Fuhr about his internment. "Back then I always had the feeling that I couldn't go for a job that required security clearance." He had to wait seven years after his release from Crystal City in order to be applicable for U.S. Buy prinivil online citizenship, buy prinivil online but he couldn't shake the feeling that he was never qualified for a job. Unlike the JA community, buy prinivil online which actively organizes internment camp reunions, buy prinivil online Fuhr only keeps in touch with a spattering of former German American internees. Life after internment wasn't as smooth for German American internees as JAs, buy prinivil online said Shimatsu, buy prinivil online who had just returned from a Crystal City reunion in Las Vegas. Buy prinivil online "Their anger is much stronger." It's more a feeling of resentment, buy prinivil online said Fuhr for being left out of history despite their shared experiences. In 1988, buy prinivil online JAs won the long-fought battle for an apology from the U.S. Buy prinivil online government and redress, buy prinivil online while the narratives of other ethnic communities languished in obscurity. "The German experience is not well-known, buy prinivil online because myths were spread by so-called scholars, buy prinivil online who knew little or nothing of the truth of internment, buy prinivil online" said Arthur D. Buy prinivil online Jacobs, buy prinivil online a retired major of the U.S. Buy prinivil online Air Force and researcher of WWII internment history. Fuhr attributes the lack of awareness to the lack of a coalition. Building Bridges, buy prinivil online Completing History A growing number of campaigning German Americans are now asking for recognition from the American government for their injustice. The Wartime Treatment Study Act, buy prinivil online which seeks to establish a commission to review the facts surrounding injustices suffered by European Americans, buy prinivil online European Latin Americans, buy prinivil online and European refugees during WWII, buy prinivil online is currently up for debate in Congress. And a "bus-eum" exhibit sponsored by Traces, buy prinivil online a non-profit educational organization, buy prinivil online allows visitors to learn about the German American internment experience in a converted mobile museum with its own 21-seat theater. "This history of U.S. Buy prinivil online internment cannot be limited to the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, buy prinivil online" said Grace Shimizu of Campaign for Justice, buy prinivil online an advocacy group working for redress for Japanese Latin Americans. Buy prinivil online "If we want to look to our past to draw lessons for today, buy prinivil online we need history that is based on truth and accuracy. What is at stake is the defense of our Constitution, buy prinivil online application of international human rights to the U.S., buy prinivil online and upholding rule of law and our democratic process." Mending the divide between JAs and other former internees is simple, buy prinivil online some argue. "The divide can easily be mended first by including all civilian victims of internment in discussions, buy prinivil online in meetings, buy prinivil online in bills, buy prinivil online and in proposals on the subject of internment and second by insisting that our textbooks be corrected, buy prinivil online followed by an insistence that the social studies curriculum of our schools be required to include a section on the internment of German Americans, buy prinivil online" said Jacobs. JACL National President Larry Oda was born in Crystal City in 1945 and although he has no memory of the desolate camp, buy prinivil online he remembers his mother talking about the separate areas for the JAs, buy prinivil online JLAs and Germans. "Just as we fought to have the injustice inflicted on us acknowledged and corrected, buy prinivil online part of what we wanted to accomplish was to ensure that all suspension of civil liberties against any group never was allowed to occur again. Buy prinivil online The JLA and German internees were concurrent with us and should be afforded the same justice as we've achieved." Original piece by Ms. Buy prinivil online Lin can be found at: