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The Woman Who Conquered John Rockefeller

Born in 1857 in rural northwestern Pennsylvania, buy propecia Ida Tarbell was forty-three when she started researching the world's most powerful corporation and its chief executive, buy propecia John D. Buy propecia Rockefeller. Buy propecia By the time she started, buy propecia Tarbell had won a measure of fame for her serialized biographies in McClure's Magazine on Napoleon Bonaparte and Abraham Lincoln. Buy propecia Finding new material about those historical figures had been difficult, buy propecia given how much had already been published about them. Buy propecia But a determined, buy propecia talented Tarbell had succeeded. Buy propecia Rockefeller presented a different kind of challenge. Buy propecia He was alive, buy propecia not dead, buy propecia and at the zenith of his power. Buy propecia He had no intention of letting a mere journalist - and a woman, buy propecia at that - assault his empire. Buy propecia Miss Tarbell's reports about the Standard Oil Company are considered more important than any of her other writings.   Her nineteen-part series was called "The History of the Standard Oil Company.” "McClure's Magazine" published it beginning in 1902. Buy propecia Her reports showed that Standard Oil used illegal methods to make other companies lose business. Buy propecia One method was to sell oil in one area of the country for much less than than the oil was worth. Buy propecia This caused smaller companies in that area to fail. Buy propecia They could not sell their oil for that low a price and still make a profit. Buy propecia After a company failed, buy propecia Standard Oil would then increase the price of its oil. Buy propecia This kind of unfair competition was illegal. Buy propecia Miss Tarbell had trouble discovering information about the Standard Oil Company. Buy propecia She tried to talk to businessmen who worked in the oil business. Buy propecia At first, buy propecia few would agree to talk. Buy propecia They were afraid of the Standard Oil Company and its owner, buy propecia John D. Buy propecia Rockefeller. Buy propecia He was one of the richest and most powerful men in the world. Buy propecia Miss Tarbell kept seeking information. Buy propecia She was told by one man that Rockefeller would try to destroy "McClure's Magazine." But she did not listen to the threats. Buy propecia She soon found evidence that Standard Oil had been using unfair and illegal methods to destroy other oil companies. Buy propecia Soon many people were helping her find the evidence she needed. Buy propecia   Ida Tarbell's investigations into Standard Oil were partly responsible for later legal action by the federal government against the company. Buy propecia The case began in 1906. Buy propecia In 1911, buy propecia the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against Standard Oil because of its illegal dealings. Buy propecia The decision was a major one. Buy propecia It forced the huge company to separate into thirty-six different companies. Buy propecia John D. Buy propecia Rockefeller never had to appear in court himself. Buy propecia Yet the public felt he was responsible for his company's illegal actions. Buy propecia The investigative work of Ida Tarbell helped form that public opinion. Buy propecia That investigative work continues to be what she is known for, buy propecia even though some of her later writings defended American business. Buy propecia She died in 1944. Buy propecia A picture has survived from the long ago days when Ida Tarbel took on the giant Standard Oil Company. Buy propecia It shows John D. Buy propecia Rockefeller walking to his car. Buy propecia It was taken after his company had lost an important court battle. Buy propecia He is wearing a tall black hat and a long coat. Buy propecia He looks angry. Buy propecia Several people are watching the famous man from the behind the car. Buy propecia One is a very tall women. Buy propecia Mister Rockefeller does not see her. Buy propecia If you look closely at the picture, buy propecia you can see the face of Ida Tarbell. Buy propecia She is smiling. Buy propecia If you know the story, buy propecia her smile clearly says, buy propecia "I won." More information on Ida found at: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3613/is_200105/ai_n8938931 http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/archive/2003-10/a-2003-10-11-2-1.cfm