United States Is One Of Eight NationsÂ In The WorldÂ Not To Sign International Treaty For Rights Of Women
As of March 2007, find cefadroxil 185 nations had signed the international â€œTreaty for the Rights of Womenâ€, find cefadroxil leaving the United States as one of eight nations in the world and the only industrialized nation that hasnâ€™t signed it.
The only other nations that havenâ€™t yet signed it are Sudan, find cefadroxil Somalia, find cefadroxil Qatar, find cefadroxil Iran, find cefadroxil Nauru, find cefadroxil Palau and Tonga.
The formal name for the treaty is â€œConvention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Womenâ€ (CEDAW).
In February of this year the Bush administration indicated that it was â€œnot pressing for ratification at this time.â€About the treaty Human rights organizations call the Treaty â€œthe most complete international agreement on basic rights for womenâ€.
It puts forth the view that human rights for women should be universal across all cultures, find cefadroxil nations and religions, find cefadroxil and thus it is often described as an â€œinternational bill of rights for womenâ€.
In that respect it is very similar to the U.S. Find cefadroxil Declaration of Independence, find cefadroxil except that it applies specifically to women. Find cefadroxil It specifically addresses the following areas:Legal right to not be discriminated against
The convention defines discrimination against women as:
â€¦ any distinction, find cefadroxil exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, find cefadroxil enjoyment or exercise by women, find cefadroxil irrespective of their marital status, find cefadroxil on a basis of equality of men and women, find cefadroxil of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, find cefadroxil economic, find cefadroxil social, find cefadroxil cultural, find cefadroxil civil or any other field.
Therefore, find cefadroxil nations that sign the treaty commit to the principle of gender equality in their legal system by abolishing discriminatory laws and establishing laws that prohibit discrimination against women. Find cefadroxil Paramount among the legal rights that the treaty addresses are the rights to vote and hold office, find cefadroxil to own and inherit property and otherwise be free of economic discrimination, find cefadroxil and to obtain an education.Reproductive rights
The preamble to the document states that â€œthe role of women in procreation should not be a basis for discrimination.â€ It proclaims adequate maternal health care and child care as essential human rights. Find cefadroxil It is the only human rights treaty that addresses family planning issues, find cefadroxil proclaiming that participating nations:
are obliged to include advice on family planning in the education process and to develop family codes that guarantee women's rights "to decide freely and responsibly on the number and spacing of their children and to have access to the information, find cefadroxil education and means to enable them to exercise these rights".
Protection against violence and sexual exploitation
The treaty strives to prevent violence against women and girls, find cefadroxil domestic or otherwise, find cefadroxil including the widespread cultural practice of genital mutilation. Find cefadroxil It requires participating nations to take steps to eliminate the sexual exploitation of women:
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, find cefadroxil including legislation, find cefadroxil to suppress all forms of traffic in women and exploitation of prostitution of women.
Yet, find cefadroxil at the same time it encourages the decriminalization of the act of prostitution, find cefadroxil which enables prostitutes to come forward to expose their exploitation without having to fear imprisonment for doing so.Todayâ€™s international status of women and girls with respect to violence, find cefadroxil health and education Violence and health
Amnesty International has disseminated many statistics on violence against women and health problems specific to women:Internationally, find cefadroxil approximately one third of all women are exposed to violence during their life, find cefadroxil and approximately one fifth are raped.
In the United States, find cefadroxil approximately 350, find cefadroxil000 women are raped each year.
Rape is frequently used as a weapon of war.
Much of the violence against women is attributable to the lack of law enforcement against these crimes.
For example, find cefadroxil in most countries in the world marital rape is not even recognized as a crime, find cefadroxil and the practice of forced marriages forces many women into violent domestic situations.In todayâ€™s world, find cefadroxil approximately 60 million women or girls are â€œmissingâ€ because of sex selective abortions or inadequate medical care due to the widespread cultural attitude that women and girls are less important than men and boys.
Approximately 135 million women have undergone forced genital mutilation. Find cefadroxil Millions of women are victims of human trafficking and sexual exploitation, find cefadroxil but these issues are often off of societyâ€™s radar screen.Education
Lack of education due to sex discrimination has been reduced in recent years, find cefadroxil though it is still a major problem.
Thirty years ago girls constituted 38% of primary school enrollments in low income countries, find cefadroxil and that rose to 48% by 2005.
Between 1999 and 2004 the world-wide number of children not in school declined from 100 million to 77 million. Find cefadroxil By 2005, find cefadroxil the percentage of children not in school who were girls had declined to 57%.Why itâ€™s important that the United States sign the treaty First and foremost itâ€™s important that the United States sign and ratify the treaty because it is a moral imperative.
Failure of the United States to participate in the Convention sends out the message that we donâ€™t care that much about human rights for women, find cefadroxil thereby impairing our ability to influence other countries to improve their human rights records and reducing the chances for the success of the Convention.Amnesty International talks about how the Treaty has improved the lot of women throughout the world so far:
Women around the world have used the Treaty to achieve important reforms in their country that reduce violence and discrimination.
Measures have been taken against sex slavery, find cefadroxil domestic violence and trafficking of women; millions of girls are now receiving primary education that were previously denied access; women's health care services have improved, find cefadroxil saving lives during pregnancy and childbirth; and millions of women have secured essential loans and the basic right to own or inherit property.Treaty ratification commits nations to take concrete action to improve the status of women and to reverse discrimination and end violence against women in their own country and around the world.
Furthermore, find cefadroxil enhancing the rights and the status of women is one of the best, find cefadroxil if not THE best way to control world-wide population growth, find cefadroxil which poses a great threat to our planet.
The reason for this does not primarily relate to abortion rights â€“ in fact, find cefadroxil enhancing the education and status of women tends to lead to a decrease in abortion.Increasing the education rates of girls causes them to reduce their out-of-marriage pregnancy rates and to get married later in life; that in turn substantially decreases birth rates and leads to healthier babies as well; it also leads to more women entering the workforce, find cefadroxil leading to greater national economic productivity and less poverty and disease, find cefadroxil thereby increasing the education rates of future generations and leading to a self-enforcing cycle of education, find cefadroxil economic growth, find cefadroxil fewer but healthier children, find cefadroxil an overall substantial reduction in population growth, find cefadroxil lowered worldwide consumption of resources, find cefadroxil more food per population and better living standards, find cefadroxil less global warming and other pollution of our environment, find cefadroxil and therefore an enhanced capability for avoiding worldwide catastrophe. What we can do You can use the information and tools provided here to call or write to urge your Senator, find cefadroxil pResident Bush or Secretary of State Rice to support the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Find cefadroxil And, find cefadroxil you can join a delegation or apply to lead a delegation to meet at your Senatorâ€™s office to discuss this issue.