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The whole story of World War II Internment hasn't been told... They lived behind the same barbwire, find cheap tribulus online but German Americans and other former internees feel left out of history. Now they are trying to tell their stories.

 

Eberhard Fuhr Story

By Lynda Lin, find cheap tribulus online Assistant Editor Published June 1, find cheap tribulus online 2007 in the Pacific Citizen In the small dusty town of Crystal City, find cheap tribulus online Texas the ruins tell the unlikely story of a former civilization. Concrete foundations and the hollow remains of a swimming pool whisper tales of its former life as a World War II internment camp. But some feel the historical narrative is incomplete. Eberhardt Fuhr was 17 years old when two U.S. Find cheap tribulus online officials came to his high school in Cincinnati to arrest him in front of his friends. He was taken to Crystal City, find cheap tribulus online a vast "family" internment camp 120 miles south of San Antonio, find cheap tribulus online where he lived with his family for over four years. Like his fellow Japanese American internees, find cheap tribulus online Fuhr's crime was his ethnicity. Crystal City marker"It was a time of abrogated human and civil rights, find cheap tribulus online" said Fuhr, find cheap tribulus online 82. Find cheap tribulus online "A subscription to a German magazine usually lead to jail." About 15, find cheap tribulus online000 Germans and German Americans were interned in the U.S. Find cheap tribulus online during WWII under suspicion of being Nazi sympathizers. At Crystal City, find cheap tribulus online German Americans made up the second largest ethnic community, find cheap tribulus online but are largely forgotten in historical context. Even a historical marker at the former entrance of the camp refers only to the injustice inflicted against JAs. Fuhr feels a certain amount of resentment, find cheap tribulus online but he takes every opportunity to talk about his experience. "I just got back from speaking to some children at a school in Chinatown, find cheap tribulus online" said Fuhr, find cheap tribulus online who lives in Palatine, find cheap tribulus online Illinois. Among some other memorabilia, find cheap tribulus online he brought his arrest warrant, find cheap tribulus online passport and other legal documents to "present a factual situation." about his little known history. One Camp, find cheap tribulus online Different Experiences At its peak, find cheap tribulus online Crystal City was a bustling mini city with diversity: Japanese Americans, find cheap tribulus online German Americans, find cheap tribulus online Germans from Latin America, find cheap tribulus online Italian Americans and Japanese Latin Americans coexisted in a makeshift community. But its idyllic name belied its desolate location where mesquite trees offered the only reprieve from harsh summer heat. Unlike the main 10 JA internment camps, find cheap tribulus online Crystal City housed alien enemies and their families. Often most of those held in camps like Crystal City were arrested under the Alien Enemy Act for simply being community leaders or martial arts instructors. Many were held without formal trials. Fuhr's parents were arrested and taken away while he was working at a North Carolina boy's camp. When he arrived at Crystal City in July 1943, find cheap tribulus online the 17-year-old had not seen his parents in a year. The camp was made up of family units that afforded some vestiges of privacy over communal life. It also gave Fuhr his first encounter with Japanese Americans (or "JA's"). "It was strange to hear the language. It was stranger to hear the Japanese music, find cheap tribulus online" he said. At Crystal City there were no walls separating ethnic groups, find cheap tribulus online but each communities' experiences was carefully delineated. German Americans lived on one side while JAs lived on the other. There was one general high school, find cheap tribulus online as well as a German and a Japanese school. "The German Americans lived in their own side of the camp. Find cheap tribulus online The Japanese Americans stuck to their own group, find cheap tribulus online" said Sumi Shimatsu, find cheap tribulus online a Nisei who lived at Crystal City for two years. Find cheap tribulus online "We got along, find cheap tribulus online but we didn't go out of our way to be friends with them." But all barriers fell away when it came to sports. The Japanese team played the German and Latin American team in softball, find cheap tribulus online baseball and eventually soccer. "It was a friendly rivalry, find cheap tribulus online" said Fuhr. "They are very big! It made it awfully tough for us to beat them, find cheap tribulus online" said George Kodama, find cheap tribulus online 79, find cheap tribulus online with a laugh. Find cheap tribulus online "We were all trying to grow up in a place where we didn't know where we were going." Life After Internment When the fences came down, find cheap tribulus online lives further diverged. Find cheap tribulus online Some repatriated to the countries that were now foreign while others struggled to reestablish their homes and reconcile with the past. "I didn't talk a lot about it until I retired, find cheap tribulus online" said Fuhr about his internment. "Back then I always had the feeling that I couldn't go for a job that required security clearance." He had to wait seven years after his release from Crystal City in order to be applicable for U.S. Find cheap tribulus online citizenship, find cheap tribulus online but he couldn't shake the feeling that he was never qualified for a job. Unlike the JA community, find cheap tribulus online which actively organizes internment camp reunions, find cheap tribulus online Fuhr only keeps in touch with a spattering of former German American internees. Life after internment wasn't as smooth for German American internees as JAs, find cheap tribulus online said Shimatsu, find cheap tribulus online who had just returned from a Crystal City reunion in Las Vegas. Find cheap tribulus online "Their anger is much stronger." It's more a feeling of resentment, find cheap tribulus online said Fuhr for being left out of history despite their shared experiences. In 1988, find cheap tribulus online JAs won the long-fought battle for an apology from the U.S. Find cheap tribulus online government and redress, find cheap tribulus online while the narratives of other ethnic communities languished in obscurity. "The German experience is not well-known, find cheap tribulus online because myths were spread by so-called scholars, find cheap tribulus online who knew little or nothing of the truth of internment, find cheap tribulus online" said Arthur D. Find cheap tribulus online Jacobs, find cheap tribulus online a retired major of the U.S. Find cheap tribulus online Air Force and researcher of WWII internment history. Fuhr attributes the lack of awareness to the lack of a coalition. Building Bridges, find cheap tribulus online Completing History A growing number of campaigning German Americans are now asking for recognition from the American government for their injustice. The Wartime Treatment Study Act, find cheap tribulus online which seeks to establish a commission to review the facts surrounding injustices suffered by European Americans, find cheap tribulus online European Latin Americans, find cheap tribulus online and European refugees during WWII, find cheap tribulus online is currently up for debate in Congress. And a "bus-eum" exhibit sponsored by Traces, find cheap tribulus online a non-profit educational organization, find cheap tribulus online allows visitors to learn about the German American internment experience in a converted mobile museum with its own 21-seat theater. "This history of U.S. Find cheap tribulus online internment cannot be limited to the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, find cheap tribulus online" said Grace Shimizu of Campaign for Justice, find cheap tribulus online an advocacy group working for redress for Japanese Latin Americans. Find cheap tribulus online "If we want to look to our past to draw lessons for today, find cheap tribulus online we need history that is based on truth and accuracy. What is at stake is the defense of our Constitution, find cheap tribulus online application of international human rights to the U.S., find cheap tribulus online and upholding rule of law and our democratic process." Mending the divide between JAs and other former internees is simple, find cheap tribulus online some argue. "The divide can easily be mended first by including all civilian victims of internment in discussions, find cheap tribulus online in meetings, find cheap tribulus online in bills, find cheap tribulus online and in proposals on the subject of internment and second by insisting that our textbooks be corrected, find cheap tribulus online followed by an insistence that the social studies curriculum of our schools be required to include a section on the internment of German Americans, find cheap tribulus online" said Jacobs. JACL National President Larry Oda was born in Crystal City in 1945 and although he has no memory of the desolate camp, find cheap tribulus online he remembers his mother talking about the separate areas for the JAs, find cheap tribulus online JLAs and Germans. "Just as we fought to have the injustice inflicted on us acknowledged and corrected, find cheap tribulus online part of what we wanted to accomplish was to ensure that all suspension of civil liberties against any group never was allowed to occur again. Find cheap tribulus online The JLA and German internees were concurrent with us and should be afforded the same justice as we've achieved." Original piece by Ms. Find cheap tribulus online Lin can be found at:    http://www.traces.org/buseum_2_tour/Eberhard-Furh.html